Right here’s a have a look at Nepal, a mountainous nation on the southern aspect of the Himalayas of Southern Asia. It shares Mt. Everest, the world’s tallest mountain, with China.
(from the CIA World Factbook)
Space: 147,181 sq. kilometers (barely bigger than New York state)
Inhabitants: 30,666,598 (2022 est.)
Median age: 25.3 years
Ethnic teams: Chhettri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, Magar 7.1%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.8%, Newar 5%, Kami 4.8%, Muslim 4.4%, Yadav 4%, Rai 2.3%, Gurung 2%, Damai/Dholii 1.8%, Thakuri 1.6%, Limbu 1.5%, Sarki 1.4%, Teli 1.4%, Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%, Koiri/Kushwaha 1.2%, different 19% (2011 estimate)
Faith: Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, different 0.5%, unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)
Unemployment price: 3% (2017 est.)
Nepal is without doubt one of the world’s least developed and poorest nations. About one-fourth of its inhabitants lives under the poverty line.
Nepal is a former monarchy that’s now a federal democratic republic with a number of political events.
About three-fourths of its terrain is mountainous.
Eight of the world’s 10 tallest mountains are alongside Nepal’s border. Mt. Everest’s summit is 8,848 meters above sea degree, the very best spot on Earth. Kanchenjunga, which straddles Nepal and India, is the third-highest mountain on the earth.
Nepal’s flag is the one one on the earth that’s neither sq. nor rectangular. The form is shaped from two related pennants.
Siddhartha Gautama, also referred to as the Buddha, was born in Lumbini, now a part of Nepal, across the sixth century BC.
Practically eight out of 10 ladies in a area of mid-Western Nepal sleep in harmful outside “menstruation huts” throughout their interval, regardless of the apply being outlawed in 2018, a research discovered. The unlawful customized, often called “Chhaupadi,” stems from a centuries-old Hindu taboo that considers girls and ladies as unclean throughout menstruation.
Pre-18th century – Nepal is split into small kingdoms.
1768 – Gorkha ruler Prithvi Narayan Shah turns into ruler of your entire valley, uniting the kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhadgaon. The king declares Kathmandu to be the capital in 1769.
1814-1816 – Nepal and the British East India Firm struggle over lands within the Terai, or the lowlands. Nepal indicators the Treaty of Sagauli in 1816, ceding about one-third of its territory.
1846 – Jang Bahadur levels a coup and turns into prime minister. He finally units up a dictatorship by turning the monarchy right into a authorities figurehead, establishing the hereditary rule of his household. The household, which adopts the honorific title of Rana (monarch), guidelines for greater than 100 years (till 1951), resulting in the isolation and financial underdevelopment of the nation.
1857 – The Sepoy Riot in opposition to the British begins in India. Bahadur takes 1000’s of troops in to assist the British, serving to to quell the revolt and sealing Britain’s assist of his rule in Nepal and starting a practice of Gurkhas serving within the British Military.
January 15, 1934 – An earthquake with a magnitude of 8.1 happens in Nepal-Bihar, India, killing 10,700 folks.
1948 – After India good points its independence from Britain in 1947, Nepal’s leaders lose essential assist and are pressured to introduce reforms. The prime minister broadcasts the primary structure of Nepal, which requires a state legislature with two chambers, an impartial excessive court docket, and a major minister with govt energy, assisted by a council of at the least 5 ministers, however the structure is quickly suspended amid opposition from conservative Ranas.
November 1950 – Revolt begins in opposition to the Rana regime because the Nepali Congress Get together’s Liberation Military have interaction troopers within the Terai.
February 1951 – The Rana period of rule involves an finish as King Tribhuvan is restored to the throne after the final Rana oligarch, Mohan Shamsher, agrees to carry elections.
Might 29, 1953 – Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay of Nepal are the primary to succeed in the summit of Mt. Everest.
December 14, 1955 – Nepal joins the United Nations.
February 18, 1959 – The primary nationwide elections are held, and the Nepali Congress Get together wins. B.P. Koirala later turns into prime minister.
December 1960 – King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva seizes energy, suspends the parliament and key components of the structure.
January 1972 – King Mahendra dies and is succeeded by Birendra.
Might 1991 – G.P. Koirala, the brother of Nepal’s first elected prime minister (in 1959) is appointed to go the federal government after the Nepali Congress wins a majority (110 of 205 seats) in parliament normally elections. The reasonable Communist Get together of Nepal ends with a powerful place as opposition with 69 seats.
1994 – The Communist Get together of Nepal (Maoist) is based and social gathering chief Manmohan Adhhikari voted into energy after Prime Minister G.P. Koirala resigns and recommends new parliamentary elections to the king.
1995 – Prime Minister Manmohan Adhhikari resigns after being accused of favoring his social gathering members. The communist authorities is dissolved by Parliament.
1996 – A Maoist insurgency units off a 10-year civil struggle, and by 2000, virtually two-thirds of the nation is affected by the strife.
June 1, 2001 – Crown Prince Dipendra goes on an alcohol and drug-fueled taking pictures rampage throughout a celebration on the palace, killing 9 folks, together with his father and mom, the king and queen. Dipendra dies three days later of self-inflicted gunshot wounds.
2006 – A UN-mediated peace accord is signed by the federal government of Nepal and the Maoists. In response to the Worldwide Purple Cross, some 15,000 folks die and 1,300 are declared lacking as a result of 10-year civil struggle.
Might 2008 – The monarchy involves an finish as the brand new meeting votes in favor of declaring Nepal a democratic republic.
July 21, 2008 – The nation’s first president, Ram Baran Yadav, is elected.
August 2008 – Maoist chief Pushpa Kamal Dahal, generally often called Prachanda, is elected prime minister and varieties a coalition authorities.
Might 2009 – Pushpa Kamal Dahal resigns after the president overrules his determination to fireside a senior navy official. Communist chief Madhav Kumar Nepal is called the brand new prime minister.
June 2010 – Madhav Kumar Nepal resigns as prime minister amidst political strain. He agrees to behave as a caretaker till a brand new prime minister is elected.
February 2011 – Parliament elects Communist Get together chief Jhalanath Khanal as the brand new prime minister.
August 2011 – Khanal resigns as prime minister, acknowledging he was unable to kind a nationwide consensus authorities and combine former Maoist rebels. Baburam Bhattarai, 57, vice-chairman of the Unified Communist Get together of Nepal (Maoist) turns into the fourth prime minister since Nepal grew to become a republic in 2008.
Might 2012 – Baburam Bhattarai resigns as prime minister however stays on as caretaker.
March 2013 – Chief Justice Khilraj Regmi is appointed prime minister till a brand new Constituent Meeting is elected.
November 2013 – Constituent Meeting elections are held which result in Sushil Koirala, a cousin of B.P. Koirala, of the Nepali Congress social gathering turning into prime minister in February 2014.
October 2014 – No less than 39 folks from all over the world die after exceptionally heavy snowfall within the mountains, one of many deadliest such tragedies within the historical past of Nepal.
April 25, 2015 – A 7.8-magnitude earthquake strikes, lower than 50 miles from Kathmandu. A 6.7-magnitude aftershock on April 26 provides to the harm. The loss of life toll is over 8,000, and the variety of folks injured is greater than 17,000, based on the Nationwide Emergency Operations Heart.
October 28, 2015 – Nepal’s parliament elects Bidhya Devi Bhandari, the nation’s first feminine president.
August 2017 – Sixty-five thousand properties are destroyed and at the least 143 persons are killed in Nepal because of large flooding and landslides.
Might 21, 2019 – A sherpa breaks his personal report by climbing Mount Everest an unprecedented 24 instances, reaching the summit at 6:38 a.m., lower than every week after scaling the world’s tallest mountain for the twenty third time on Might 15.
August 2, 2019 – After torrential monsoon rains triggered flooding and landslides throughout Nepal and components of South Asia final month, the UN releases a state of affairs report stating that greater than 100 folks died, dozens extra are lacking or injured, and at the least 410,000 folks have been affected.
December 20, 2020 – Prime Minister Okay.P. Sharma Oli dissolves parliament and name for early elections. Oli says inner squabbling and a scarcity of cooperation from his social gathering have paralyzed decision-making, forcing him to hunt a brand new common mandate. In February 2021, Nepal’s Supreme Court docket guidelines that parliament should be reinstated.
Might 10, 2021 – Oli is compelled to step down after dropping a vote of confidence. On Might 22, President Bhandari dissolves parliament. In July, Nepal’s Supreme Court docket orders that Sher Bahadur Deuba be appointed as prime minister and parliament be reinstated.
October 2021 – No less than 104 persons are killed in Nepal because of flooding and landslides attributable to heavy rainfall.