Here’s a take a look at North Korea’s nuclear capabilities and the historical past of its weapons program.
North Korea indicators the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
The Worldwide Atomic Power Company (IAEA) calls for that inspectors be given entry to 2 nuclear waste storage websites. In response, North Korea threatens to stop the NPT however ultimately opts to proceed taking part within the treaty.
North Korea and america signal an settlement. North Korea pledges to freeze and ultimately dismantle its previous, graphite-moderated nuclear reactors in trade for worldwide support to construct two new light-water nuclear reactors.
January 29 – US President George W. Bush labels North Korea, Iran and Iraq an “axis of evil” in his State of the Union deal with. “By looking for weapons of mass destruction, these regimes pose a grave and rising hazard,” he says.
October – The Bush Administration reveals that North Korea has admitted working a secret nuclear weapons program in violation of the 1994 settlement.
January 10 – North Korea withdraws from the NPT.
February – America confirms North Korea has reactivated a five-megawatt nuclear reactor at its Yongbyon facility, able to producing plutonium for weapons.
April – Declares it has nuclear weapons.
North Korea tentatively agrees to surrender its whole nuclear program, together with weapons. In trade, america, China, Japan, Russia and South Korea say they are going to present vitality help to North Korea, in addition to promote financial cooperation.
July – After North Korea check fires lengthy vary missiles, the UN Safety Council passes a decision demanding that North Korea droop this system.
October – North Korea claims to have efficiently examined its first nuclear weapon. The check prompts the UN Safety Council to impose a broad array of sanctions.
February 13 – North Korea agrees to shut its principal nuclear reactor in trade for an support package deal price $400 million.
September 30 – At six-party talks in Beijing, North Korea indicators an settlement stating it’s going to start disabling its nuclear weapons amenities.
December 31 – North Korea misses the deadline to disable its weapons amenities.
June 27 – North Korea destroys a water cooling tower on the Yongbyon nuclear facility.
December – Six-party talks are held in Beijing. The talks break down over North Korea’s refusal to permit worldwide inspectors unfettered entry to suspected nuclear websites.
Could 25 – North Korea broadcasts it has carried out its second nuclear check.
June 12 – The UN Safety Council condemns the nuclear check and imposes new sanctions.
November 20 – A Stanford College professor publishes a report that North Korea has a brand new nuclear enrichment facility.
October 24-25 – US officers meet with a North Korean delegation in Geneva, Switzerland, in an effort to restart the six-party nuclear arms talks that broke down in 2008.
February 29 – The State Division broadcasts that North Korea has agreed to a moratorium on long-range missile launches and nuclear exercise on the nation’s main nuclear facility in trade for meals support.
January 24 – North Korea’s Nationwide Protection Fee says it’s going to proceed nuclear testing and long-range rocket launches in defiance of america. The checks and launches will feed into an “upcoming all-out motion” focusing on america, “the sworn enemy of the Korean folks,” the fee says.
February 12 – Conducts third nuclear check. That is the primary nuclear check carried out underneath Kim Jong Un. Three weeks later, the United Nations orders further sanctions in protest.
March 30-31 – North Korea warns that it’s prepping one other nuclear check. The next day, the hostility escalates when the nation fires a whole bunch of shells throughout the ocean border with South Korea. In response, South Korea fires about 300 shells into North Korean waters and sends fighter jets to the border.
Could 6 – In an unique interview with CNN, the deputy director of a North Korean suppose tank says the nation has the missile functionality to strike mainland United States and would achieve this if america “pressured their hand.”
Could 20 – North Korea says that it has the power to miniaturize nuclear weapons, a key step towards constructing nuclear missiles. A US Nationwide Safety Council spokesman responds that america doesn’t suppose the North Koreans have that functionality.
December 12 – North Korea state media says the nation has added the hydrogen bomb to its arsenal.
January 6-7 – North Korea says it has efficiently carried out a hydrogen bomb check. A day after the alleged check, White Home spokesman Josh Earnest says that america has not verified that the check was profitable.
March 9 – North Korea broadcasts that it has miniature nuclear warheads that may match on ballistic missiles.
September 9 – North Korea claims to have detonated a nuclear warhead. In accordance with South Korea’s Meteorological Administration, the blast is estimated to have the explosive energy of 10 kilotons.
January 1 – In a televised deal with, Kim claims that North Korea may quickly check an intercontinental ballistic missile.
January 8 – Throughout an interview on “Meet the Press,” Protection Secretary Ash Carter says that the navy will shoot down any North Korean missile fired at america or any of its allies.
January 12 – A US protection official tells CNN that the navy has deployed sea-based radar gear to trace long-range missile launches by North Korea.
July 4 – North Korea claims it has carried out its first profitable check of an intercontinental ballistic missile, or ICBM, that may “attain anyplace on the earth.”
July 25 – North Korea threatens a nuclear strike on “the center of the US” if it makes an attempt to take away Kim as Supreme Chief, in line with Pyongyang’s state-run Korean Central Information Company (KCNA).
August 7 – North Korea accuses america of “attempting to drive the scenario of the Korean peninsula to the brink of nuclear battle” after the UN Safety Council unanimously adopts new sanctions in response to Pyongyang’s long-range ballistic missile checks final month.
August 9 – North Korea’s navy is “analyzing the operational plan” to strike areas across the US territory of Guam with medium-to-long-range strategic ballistic missiles, state-run information company KCNA says. The North Korea feedback are revealed someday after President Donald Trump warns Pyongyang that if it continues to threaten america, it could face “hearth and fury just like the world has by no means seen.”
September 3 – North Korea carries out its sixth check of a nuclear weapon, inflicting a 6.3 magnitude seismic occasion, as measured by america Geological Survey. Pyongyang claims the gadget is a hydrogen bomb that might be mounted on an intercontinental missile. A nuclear weapon monitoring group describes the weapon as as much as eight occasions stronger than the bomb dropped in Hiroshima in 1945. In response to the check, Trump tweets that North Korea continues to be “very hostile and harmful to america.” He goes on the criticize South Korea, claiming that the nation is participating in “speak of appeasement” with its neighbor to the north. He additionally says that North Korea is “a humiliation to China,” claiming Beijing is having little success reining within the Kim regime.
November 1 – A US official tells CNN that North Korea is engaged on a sophisticated model of its intercontinental ballistic missile that might probably attain america.
November 28 – A South Korean minister says that North Korea might develop the potential to launch a nuclear weapon on a long-range ballistic missile sooner or later in 2018.
January 2 – Trump ridicules Kim in a tweet. The president says that he has a bigger and extra practical nuclear button than the North Korean chief in a submit on Twitter, responding to Kim’s declare that he has a nuclear button on his desk.
January 10 – The White Home releases an announcement indicating that the Trump administration could also be keen to carry talks with North Korea.
March 6 – South Korea’s nationwide safety chief Chung Eui-yong says that North Korea has agreed to chorus from nuclear and missile testing whereas participating in peace talks. North Korea has additionally expressed an openness to speak to america about abandoning its nuclear program, in line with Chung.
March 8 – Chung, standing exterior the White Home, broadcasts that Trump has accepted an invite to satisfy Kim.
June 12 – The ultimate end result of a landmark summit, and almost 5 hours of talks between Trump and Kim in Singapore, culminates with declarations of a brand new friendship however solely imprecise pledges of nuclear disarmament.
December 5 – New satellite tv for pc photographs obtained solely by CNN reveal North Korea has considerably expanded a key long-range missile base, providing a reminder that Kim continues to be pursuing his promise to mass produce and deploy the present kinds of nuclear warheads in his arsenal.
January 18 – Trump meets with Kim Yong Chol, North Korea’s lead negotiator on nuclear talks, and so they focus on denuclearization and the second summit scheduled for February.
February 27-28 – A second spherical of US-North Korean nuclear diplomacy talks ends abruptly with no joint settlement after Kim insists all US sanctions be lifted on his nation. Trump states that Kim provided to take some steps towards dismantling his nuclear arsenal, however not sufficient to warrant ending sanctions imposed on the nation.
March 8 – Analysts say that satellite tv for pc photographs point out potential exercise at a launch facility, suggesting that the nation could also be getting ready to shoot a missile or a rocket.
March 15 – North Korea’s overseas minister tells reporters that the nation has no intention to “yield to the US calls for.” Within the wake of the remark, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo insists that negotiations will proceed.
Could 4 – South Korea’s Protection Ministry states that North Korea test-fired 240 mm and 300 mm a number of rocket launchers, together with a brand new mannequin of a tactical information weapon on Could 3. In accordance with the protection ministry’s evaluation, the launchers’ vary is about 70 to 240 kilometers (43 to 149 miles). The check is known to be the primary missile launch from North Korea since late 2017 – and the primary since Trump started assembly with Kim.
October 2 – North Korea says it check fired a brand new kind of a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), a day after Pyongyang and Washington agreed to renew nuclear talks. The launch marks a departure from the checks of shorter vary missiles North Korea has carried out in current months.
December 3 – In an announcement, Ri Thae Track, a primary vice minister on the North Korean International Ministry engaged on US affairs, warns america to organize for a “Christmas reward,” which some interpret because the resumption of long-distance missile testing. December 25 passes and not using a “reward” from the North Korean regime, however US officers stay watchful.
March 9 – In accordance with US and South Korean officers, North Korea fires no less than three unidentified projectiles, the second such transfer by the regime in two weeks. North Korean state media says navy workouts started on February 28, the one-year anniversary of Kim’s summit in Hanoi, Vietnam, with Trump which ended and not using a deal. The navy drills continued March 2, when Pyongyang fired two unidentified short-range projectiles from an space close to the coastal metropolis of Wonsan, about 65 kilometers (40 miles) south of Sondok.
October 10 – North Korea unveils what analysts consider to be one of many world’s largest ballistic missiles at a navy parade celebrating the seventy fifth anniversary of the Staff’ Social gathering broadcast on state-run tv.
March 24 – North Korea launches two ballistic missiles – the second such launch in lower than every week. In accordance with an announcement from South Korea’s joint chiefs of workers, two short-range missiles had been fired from the Hamju space of South Hamgyong province towards the ocean, off North Korea’s east coast, at 7:06 a.m. and seven:25 a.m. native time. The projectiles flew about 450 kilometers (280 miles), reaching an altitude of 60 kilometers (37 miles), and are believed to have been ballistic missiles launched from the bottom, the assertion mentioned. The precise kind of the missiles are nonetheless unclear, a senior US official tells CNN, citing an intelligence briefing.
August 27 – In an annual report on Pyongyang’s nuclear program, the IAEA says North Korea seems to have restarted operations at an influence plant able to producing plutonium for nuclear weapons. The IAEA says that clues, such because the discharge of cooling water, noticed in early July, indicated the plant is lively. No such proof had been noticed since December 2018.
September 13 – North Korea claims it efficiently test-fired new long-range cruise missiles on September 11 and 12, in line with the nation’s state-run KCNA. In accordance with KCNA, the missiles traveled for 7,580 seconds alongside oval and figure-eight flight orbits within the air above the territorial land and waters of North Korea and hit targets 1,500 kilometers (930 miles) away. The US and neighboring South Korea are trying into the launch claims, officers in each nations inform CNN.
September 28 – North Korea claims to have efficiently examined a brand new hypersonic missile known as Hwasong-8, in line with a KCNA report. Consultants say the missile has the potential to be one of many world’s quickest and most correct weapons, and might be fitted with a nuclear warhead.
October 14 – An educational research finds that North Korea can get all of the uranium it wants for nuclear weapons by means of its current Pyongsan mill, and, primarily based on satellite tv for pc imagery, could possibly enhance manufacturing above its present price.
October 18 – North Korea claims to have efficiently test-fired a brand new ballistic missile from a submarine, state information company KCNA stories.
January 5 – North Korea claims it efficiently test-fired a hypersonic missile, in line with state media. The missile was separated after launch, maneuvered 120 kilometers (74.5 miles) from the preliminary launch, and hit the goal set at 700 kilometers (435 miles) with out an error, KCNA reported. American and South Korean analysts had been uncertain of the claims.
January 11 – A suspected ballistic missile is launched by North Korea and mentioned to be extra superior than the missile Pyongyang examined within the prior week, reaching a velocity of greater than 10 occasions the velocity of sound, in line with an announcement by South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Employees. The Federal Aviation Administration grounded some planes on the West Coast out of a priority that the missile was able to putting america, earlier than it turned clear that the weapon was not a menace.
January 12 – America broadcasts sanctions on eight North Korean and Russian people and entities for supporting North Korea’s ballistic missile packages.
January 20 – North Korea says it’s going to rethink its moratorium on nuclear and long-range missile checks, in line with state media.
January 30 – North Korea fires what’s presumed to be its longest vary ballistic missile since 2017, an escalation of its weapons program and a potential signal of bigger checks to return, in line with South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in. Each the South Korean and Japanese governments report the launch of an Intermediate Vary Ballistic Missile (IRBM), with officers in Tokyo saying the missile reached a peak of two,000 kilometers (1,243 miles) with a spread of 800 kilometers (497 miles), earlier than falling into waters off the east coast of the Korean Peninsula.
March 10 – The Pentagon claims that North Korea examined a brand new intercontinental ballistic missile system in two current launches, which American officers say is a “severe escalation” by Pyongyang. In accordance with the Pentagon, they weren’t meant to exhibit ICBM vary or functionality, however had been “prone to consider this new system earlier than conducting a check at full vary sooner or later, probably disguised as an area launch.”
March 24 – North Korea fires what’s believed to be its first intercontinental ballistic missile since 2017. The suspected ICBM flew to an altitude of 6,000 kilometers (3,728 miles) and to a distance of 1,080 kilometers (671 miles) with a flight time of 71 minutes earlier than splashing down in waters off Japan’s western coast, in line with Japan’s Protection Ministry. Analysts say the check might be the longest-range missile but fired by North Korea, presumably representing a brand new kind of ICBM.
September 9 – North Korean state media stories that North Korea has handed a brand new regulation declaring itself a nuclear weapons state. Chief Kim Jong Un vows the nation will “by no means surrender” its nuclear weapons and says there will probably be no negotiations on denuclearization.